NewsUsing DC/DCs buck converters to power modern safety features in commercial vehicles

Using DC/DCs buck converters to power modern safety features in commercial vehicles

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Chauffeur and also pedestrian safety and security is a top concern for designers servicing vehicles today as well as in the future, both partially and also completely independent. According to current data, greater than 73% of web traffic accidents, specifically for commercial lorries, are brought on by visual dead spots, cellphone usage, driver tiredness and chauffeur oversight. Researches show that furnishing lorries with innovative driver help systems (ADAS) such as lane separation caution as well as automatic emergency braking can decrease mishap prices by more than 80%, because these systems are an effective method to help motorists get rid of common driving errors.

Governments in several countries have actually issued regulations mandating the installment of ADAS as well as other sophisticated safety and security functions in commercial lorries (Figure 1). These functions consist of blind-spot detection, adaptive cruise ship control and lane separation warning. For those of you developing automobile systems, this indicates adding a lot more sensing units (radars as well as video cameras) and high-performance cpus, which subsequently means that you need to discover a means to provide even more power (more than 15 W) in the exact same printed circuit board area.

Figure 1: Business vehicle when traveling

2-A to 3-A present score was enough for a first-stage DC/DC buck converter in ADAS up until now. Such high rankings present a big obstacle for the power density as well as thermal performance of the first-stage DC/DC buck converter, particularly in a business car’s interior battery, which normally requires a 24-V input voltage. You might also take into consideration nonsynchronous dollar converters with an outside diode.

In enhancement, every auto digital system is subjected to wide-input-voltage variants during cold-cranking as well as load-dump conditions. A lots dump happens when the car battery is detached from the generator while the battery is charging, which causes a surge in the power line. Usually, the battery voltage will certainly be clamped to 55 V in a 24-V battery system, even with a semiconductor transient suppressor.

To address some of the issues resulting from dealing with high currents, the 3.5-VIN to 60-VIN 5-A LM76005-Q1 concurrent DC/DC dollar converter might be a better option. Normally, in 24-V battery ADAS, the big dropout voltage (24 VIN and 5 VOUT) in complete lots conditions will cause challenges in thermal management for a concurrent DC/DC buck converter solution (such as greater temperature in a bigger failure voltage), which will certainly limit the real packing capability of the DC/DC buck converter.

Figure 2: LM76005-Q1 schematic

Figure 3: LM76005-Q1 performance (VIN = 24 V, VOUT = 5 V, IOUT = 5 A, FSW = 400 kHz).

With the higher existing requirements of brand-new ADAS, you might stress over increasing EMI of the entire system. It’s essential for your selected DC/DC buck converter to meet EMI Comité International Spécial des Perturbations Radioélectriques (CISPR) 25 requirements for both optimal as well as ordinary EMI limitations. The LM76005-Q1 includes optimized changing sides that allow faster changing without any buzzing and an interior ground airplane, which incorporated with the flip-chip on-lead structure QFN plan decreases EMI as well as electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) emissions (Figure 4) as well as quickly passes the CISPR25 Class 5 auto criterion.

Figure 4: LM76005-Q1 emitted EMI (VIN = 13.5 V, VOUT = 5 V, IOUT = 3 A, FSW = 400 kHz).

Final thought.

There is no question that ADAS boosts chauffeur safety. With the success of these systems, you can expect a rise in the assimilation of much more sensing units into vehicle layouts. Amid a continuous focus on high integrity, higher existing capacity, far better thermal efficiency as well as lower EMI/EMC emissions, knowing the crucial factors to consider for choosing wide-input-voltage buck converters and just how to integrate them effortlessly into the power-management circuit can aid provide your ADAS designs an edge.

Michal Pukala
Electronics and Telecommunications engineer with Electro-energetics Master degree graduation. Lightning designer experienced engineer. Currently working in IT industry.